Exploring The Washback Concept In Language Testing
This paper is a literature review which aims to dig more exploration about washback concept in language testing. The definition of washback in language teaching is also explored. Some definitions of washback are provided from some scholars and the construct of it are also provided. This paper also discusses about the mechanisms of washback which is related with the hypotheses of washback explained by the scholars. Furthermore, how to create positive washback and the factors supporting positive washback are also discussed in this paper. To date, the researcher provides a review about measuring washback in language teaching by digging the explanation from the researcher and constructing her argument about it. In the last part of this paper, she provides sample studies about washback in language teaching from some previous research done by the experts in this field.
Keywords: washback, language teaching, concept
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